Knight A. Advancing animal welfare standards within the veterinary profession. REDVET 2008; 9(10B). 17 pp.
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Historically, expenditure on animals and attitudes toward animal welfare have improved, with increasing social affluence. However, recent events suggest veterinary attitudes may be lagging behind those of the general public. Despite widespread public opposition to, and in some cases the passage of legislation against, the force-feeding of ducks and geese during foie gras production, the export of live sheep, the caging and ‘forced’ molting of laying hens, the confinement of sows in gestation crates, and several other farming practices, the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and the Australian Veterinary Association have continued to support such practices. To gain insights into the attitudes of veterinarians toward animal welfare, the positions of the AVMA on a broad range of practices believed to result in poor welfare were ascertained. While the AVMA did not support all such practices, it did support a range of them, in some cases contrary to substantial scientific evidence. Such poor positions on animal welfare issues may result from deficiencies in the selection and education of veterinarians, or from misrepresentation of the opinions of veterinarians by the AVMA. Solutions could include consideration of animal welfare awareness and critical reasoning ability during the selection of veterinary students, bioethics and critical reasoning training during veterinary education, continuing education credits for veterinarians who participate in such postgraduate training, the replacement of remaining harmful animal use in veterinary curricula with humane alternatives, and the encouragement of more active involvement of veterinarians in their professional associations.

De Boo J and Knight A. Educating the veterinary professional about animal welfare. Altern Anim Experimentation 2006 23(Spl. issue: Proc. 5th World Congress 2005): 71-74.
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Jasmijn de Boo was the Education Programs Manager for the World Soc for the Protection of Animals, who developed this syllabus in collaboration with Bristol University.

For many years, animal welfare organisations have taken the lead in bringing about improvements in animal welfare, as well as helping to change attitudes towards animals. Unfortunately, the veterinary profession has often lagged behind in its support for reform. It is vital therefore that veterinary training includes a good grounding in animal welfare education. In 2003, the World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) and the University of Bristol launched the ‘Concepts in Animal Welfare Syllabus’ to assist with the teaching of animal welfare in veterinary faculties. The syllabus stimulates focused critical thinking on animal welfare issues.


Knight A. Improving veterinary attitudes towards animal welfare. AWSELVA J 2010; 14(1): 7-9.
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Describes studies demonstrating poor animal welfare standards of veterinarians, probable causative factors, and outlines a strategy likely to increase standards.

Knight A. Veterinarians must make voices heard on animal welfare. Vet Times [UK] 2009; 39(26): 38, 40.
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Article calling for increased welfare standards of veterinarians, and describing humane teaching methods in vet education.

De Boo J and Knight A. ‘Concepts in Animal Welfare’: a syllabus in animal welfare science and ethics for veterinary schools. J Vet Med Educ 2005; 32(4): 451-453.
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