Recent Publications



Selected academic publications


De Ridder N & Knight A (2024). The animal welfare consequences and moral implications of lethal and non-lethal fox control methodsAnimals, 14(11), 1672.

Davies E and Knight A. Welfare implications for tigers in travelling circuses. Animals. 2024, 14(7), 1053.

Mace JL and Knight A (2024). From the backyard to our beds: the spectrum of care, attitudes, relationship types, and welfare in non-commercial chicken care. Animals 14(2), 288.



Mace JL and Knight A (2023). Influenza risks arising from mixed intensive pig and poultry farms, with a spotlight on the United Kingdom. Front. Vet. Sci. 10:1310303.

Knight A (2023). Vegan dog and cat food. In C Phillips (Ed.). The Encyclopedia of Animal Nutrition, 2nd Edn. Wallingford, UK: CABI. pp. 702-704.

Feigin SV, … Knight A, et al. (2023). Proposed solutions to anthropogenic climate change: A systematic literature review and a new way forward. Heliyon 9(10), e20544.

Knight A (2023). Vegan diets for cats – a review of the evidence. Vet Times 53(41), p. 31.

Knight A (2023) The relative benefits for environmental sustainability of vegan diets for dogs, cats and people. PLoS ONE 18(10): e0291791.

Braun PD & Knight A (2023). Appetite or distaste for cell-based seafood? An examination of Japanese consumer attitudes. Commodities 2(4):329-354.

Knight A, Bauer A & Brown H (2023) Vegan versus meat-based cat food: Guardian-reported health outcomes in 1,369 cats, after controlling for feline demographic factors. PLoS ONE 18(9): e0284132.

Knight A (2023). Scientific and educational animal use. In Knight A, Phillips C and Sparks P (Eds) (2022). Routledge Handbook of Animal Welfare. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. pp. 161-175.

Knight A, Phillips C & Sparks P (Eds) (2023). Routledge Handbook of Animal Welfare. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. 

Bandoli F, Mace J & Knight A (2023). The integrated effect of environmental conditions and human presence on the behaviour of a pair of zoo-housed Asian small-clawed otters. Animals, 13(13):2228.


Mace JL and Knight A (2022). The impacts of colony cages on the welfare of chickens farmed for meat. Animals, 12(21):2988.

Mace JL and Knight A (2022). Effects of colony cages on chickens. Scholarly Community Encyclopedia.

Knight A (2022). Call for evidence-based positions on vegan dietsVet Times 52(29), 19.

Knight and, A. and Zemanova, M.A. (2022). Animal use in veterinary education. In B. Kipperman and B.E. Rollin (eds). Ethics in Veterinary Practice, Hoboken, NJ, US: Wiley.

Knight A (2022). The weight-of-evidence position on vegan diets. Vet Times 52(21), 23.

Knight A, Huang E, Rai N, Brown H (2022). Vegan versus meat-based dog food: Guardian-reported indicators of health. PLoS ONE 17(4): e0265662.

Knight A, Mace J, O’Brien C and Carter A (2022). Development of a screencast-based flipped classroom to enrich learning and reduce faculty time requirements in an animal welfare master’s degreeJ Vet Med Educ. e20210117. doi: 10.3138/jvme-2021-0117. 



Carvalho C, Herrmann K, Marques TA and Knight A (2021). Time to abolish the forced swim test in depression research? Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research. 4(2), 170-178. doi:

Knight A and Satchell L, (2021). Vegan versus meat-based pet foods: owner-reported palatability behaviours and implications for canine and feline welfare. PLoS ONE 16(6): e0253292. https://doi. org/10.1371/journal.pone.0253292.

Knight A and Light N. (2021). The nutritional soundness of meat-based and plant-based pet foods. Revista Electronica De Veterinaria 22(1), 1 – 21.

Zemanova, M. A., Knight, A. and Lybæk, S. (2021). Educational use of animals in Europe indicates reluctance to implement alternatives. ALTEX – Alternatives to Animal Experimentation, 38(3), pp. 490-506. doi: 10.14573/altex.2011111.

Schmidt K, Duffield D, Rodriguez Ferrere M, and Knight A. (2021). Farmed Animal Welfare Law in New Zealand: Investigating the Gap Between the Animal Welfare Act 1999 and its Delegated Legislation. Wellington: New Zealand Animal Law Association.

Rivera SN, Knight A and McCulloch SP (2021). Surviving the wildlife trade in Southeast Asia: reforming the ‘disposal’ of confiscated live animals under CITESAnimals 11(2), 439.

Zemanova MA and Knight A (2021). The educational efficacy of humane teaching methods: a systematic review of the evidenceAnimals; 11(1), 114.


Knight A, Parkinson C, MacCormack P, Twine R, Peixoto M and Pederson H, et al. (2020). Transition to plant-based diets will help us fight pandemics. Latin American Journal of Nature Rights and Animal Law, 3(2), 143-148.

Open Cages, Knight A and Wiebers D (2020). A British Pandemic: the Cruelty and Danger of Supermarket Chicken. UK: Open Cages.

Carvalho C, Varela SAM, Marques TA, Knight A and Vicente L (2020). Are in vitro and in silico approaches used appropriately for animal-based Major Depressive Disorder research? PLoS ONE. 15(6), e0233954.

Carvalho, C., Peste, F., Marques, T. A., Knight, A., & Vicente, L. (2020). The contribution of rat studies to the current knowledge of Major Depressive Disorder: results from citation analysisFrontiers in Psychology, 11, 1486.

Knight (2020), Should New Zealand do more to uphold animal welfare? Animal Studies Journal, 9(1), 114-149. 

De Boo J and Knight A (2020). The Green Protein Report: Meeting New Zealand’s Climate Change Targets by 2030 Through Reduced Reliance on Animal Agriculture. Auckland: Vegan Society of Aotearoa New Zealand.



Carvalho, C., Varela, S. A. M., Bastos, Knight A, et al. (2019). The relevance of in silico, in vitro and non-human primate based approaches to clinical research on Major Depressive Disorder. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, 47(34), 128-139.

Carvalho, C.; Gaspar, A.; Knight, A. and Vicente, L (2019). Ethical and scientific pitfalls concerning laboratory research with non-human primates, and possible solutionsAnimals 9, 12.

Knight A (2019). Critically evaluating animal research. In Herrmann K and Jayne K. (2019). Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.

Carvalho C, Alves D, Knight A and Vicente L (2019). Is animal-based biomedical research being used in its original context? In Herrmann K and Jayne K. (2019). Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.



Lymbery P Knight A et al. (2018). Governments should unite to curb meat consumptionNature 563, 325.

Knight A (2018). Injuries in Racing Greyhounds. Cleveland, UK: Greyt Exploitations.

Knight A and De Boo J (2018). The case for veganism. In D’Silva J and McKenna C. Farming Food and Nature: Respecting Animals, People and the Environment. London: Routledge. 238 – 247.

Knight A (2018). Uncaging New Zealand’s Sows: Scrutinising Farrowing Crates. Wellington, New Zealand: SAFE.

Grevemeyer B and Knight A. (2018). The development of a clinical skills laboratory at Ross University School of Veterinary MedicineAlternatives to Laboratory Animals 46, 177-183.



Benz-Schwarzburg J. and Knight A. (2017). Cognitive relatives yet moral strangers? In: A. Linzey and C. Linzey (Eds). Animal Ethics for Veterinarians. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press. 45-77. [reprinted from J Anim Ethics 2011; 1(1): 9-36].

Knight A. (2017). Advice requested via social mediaIn Practice 39, 478-479.

Knight A. (2017). Painful truths: what systematic reviews reveal about the utility of animal research. Proceedings of the ANZCCART Conference 2017, Maintaining Social Licence in a Changing World, Wellington. Wellington: ANZCCART. 31-36.

Knight A. (2017). Owners cannot afford treatment. In: S. Mullan and A. Fawcett (Eds). Veterinary Ethics: Navigating Tough Cases. Sheffield, UK: 5M Publishing. 199-201.

Knight A (2017). Samples & freebies. In: S. Mullan and A. Fawcett (Eds). Veterinary Ethics: Navigating Tough Cases. Sheffield, UK: 5M Publishing. 244-246.

Knight (2017). Difficulties in obtaining consent. In: S. Mullan and A. Fawcett (Eds). Veterinary Ethics: Navigating Tough Cases. Sheffield, UK: 5M Publishing. 302-304.

Knight A (2017). Acting without consent. In: S. Mullan and A. Fawcett (Eds). Veterinary Ethics: Navigating Tough Cases. Sheffield, UK: 5M Publishing. 312-315.

Knight A (2017). Zoonosis. In S. Mullan and A. Fawcett (Eds). Veterinary Ethics: Navigating Tough Cases. Sheffield, UK: 5M Publishing. 436-438.

Knight A. and Watson K.D. (2017). Was Jack the Ripper a slaughterman? Human-animal violence and the world’s most infamous serial killer. Animals, 7, 30.



Knight, A. (2016). Hunters fail to silence critics. Veterinary Times, 46(24). 28.

Anderson, R., Waayers, R. and Knight, A. (2016). Orca behavior and implications for oceanaria confinement and use in performances: aggression increases and behavioral pathologyAnimals, 6(8).

Knight, A. and Leitsberger, M. (2016). Vegetarian versus meat-based diets for companion animals. Animals, 6, 57.

Carvalho C., Crespo M.V., Bastos L.F., Knight A. and Vicente L. (2016). Contribution of animal models to contemporary understanding of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ALTEX, 33(3), 243-249.

Knight A. (2016). A request for euthanasia: handling the clientIn Practice 38, 358-359.

Knight A. (2016). Can hunts control their hounds? Vet Times 46(15), 5.

Knight A. (2016). Horse manure: the new secret weapon in cetacean conservation research. Vet Practice 48(1), 34.



Knight A (2014). Conscientious objection to harmful animal use within veterinary and other biomedical educationAnimals, 4, 16-34.

Knight A. (2014). Weighing the harms and benefits: invasive animal researchThe Biochemist 36(3), 30-33.

Knight A. (2014). Everyday ethics: dealing with dark desires [feline case]. In Practice 36, 54-55.

Knight A. (2014). Animal welfare and rights: pet and companion animals. In: B. Jennings (Ed.), Bioethics (4th Edn). Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA. 269-270.



Knight A. (2013) The Australasian regulation of scientific animal use: a chimera of protection. In: P. Sankoff, S. White and C. Black (Eds.) Animal Law in Australasia: Continuing the Dialogue (2nd Edn). Annandale, NSW, Australia: Federation Press. 264-288.

Knight A. (2013) Animal agriculture and climate change. In: A. Linzey (Ed.). The Global Guide to Animal Protection. Chicago: University of Illinois Press. 254-256.



Knight A. (2012) The potential of humane teaching methods within veterinary and other biomedical educationALTEX Proc  1: 365-375.

Knight A. (2012) A critique of the Bateson Review of Research Using Non-human PrimatesAATEX 17 (2): 53-62.



Benz-Schwarzburg J and Knight A. (2011) Cognitive relatives yet moral strangers? J. Anim. Ethics  1 (1): 9-36.

Knight A. (2011) The Costs and Benefits of Animal Experiments, Palgrave Macmillan Series on Animal Ethics (hardback 2011, paperback 2013).